Friday, November 30, 2012

21st day ::- Untouchability :: The Myth & the Fact

Untouchability आज की एक बड़ी बुराई है। गाँधी जी ने इसे दूर करने का सर्वप्रथम प्रयास किया था, लेकिन अफ़सोस कि इतने सालों बाद भी ये समस्या दूर नहीं हो सकी है।
untouchability में विश्वास रखने वालों के generally दो ही तर्क होते हैं -
1. गन्दगी रखने वाले लोगों से बचना                           2. माँसाहार करने वालों से बचना 

पहले तर्क के अनुसार हम  sc ,st  के लोगों से दूरी बनाते हैं। मगर अगर गन्दगी ही मुख्य वजह है तो क्या हम शुद्धता से रहने वाले और पढ़े-लिखे sc ,st  के लोगों को अपनी थाली में खिलाने को तैयार हो जाते हैं या  फिर अशुद्धता से रहने वाले उच्च जाति  के लोगों को अपनी थाली में खिलाने से मना कर देते हैं ?
दूसरे तर्क के अनुसार  हम मुसलमानों से दूरी बनाते हैं। यहाँ भी वही सवाल उठता है कि अगर माँसाहार ही मुसलमानों से दूरी बनाने की मुख्य वजह है तो हम क्षत्रियों को अपनी थाली में क्यों खिलाते हैं,जो कि वैदिक काल से ही माँसाहारी हैं। और क्षत्रिय ही क्यों आज तो लगभग हर जाति में हमें कुछ लोग माँसाहारी मिल जायेंगे। फिर ये पाखण्ड क्यों ?
शाकाहारी लोग अपने घर में माँस को न आने दें , यह ठीक है मगर शाकाहारी होने के कारण मुसलमानों से घृणा रखना गलत है।
इसलिए हमें इन खोखले तर्कों से ऊपर उठकर भेद-भाव मिटाने का प्रयास करना चाहिए और सामाजिक सदभाव का परिचय देना  चाहिए।

Monday, November 26, 2012

20th Day :: Solar roofs

we should use Solar-roofs. I don't think it has any technical or other problems.
Practically what problem it has i don't know otherwise it is a good alternative of traditional energy sources.
perhaps cost is higher, but in case of solar-roofs it can save money of concrete roof.
then what's the problem?
After 10 hours of charging in day, it can deliver atleast 5-6 hours of sufficient use of electricity.
It's cost may be lower also if government promotes it by subsidising it with noticing that it is a most environ-friendly & can save the land & water uses especially for water-electricity + air-pollution made by Heat-electricity based on coal.
Also it can be used at a large scale in dessert areas like Rajasthan,where a lot of land is useless.
If there we establish a big solar-plant,then we can get double benefit- 1st is a lot of electricity & 2nd is shedding if used over roads.

19th Day :: The patent & selling of our product

We should patent our Ayurvedic & other knowledges, medicinal plants etc. As we have seen in last decade that we got right on Neem,Termeric & tulsi etc after fighting by some indians against patent of these plants & their medicinal use by foreigners. otherwise we could bounded to purchase the products from them which are our own.
so we have to search for our medicinal plants & knowledge.then we should try to patent it.
 after it we have only to pack it in a modern way. in this way we can sell our really good things which we have in a packing which world likes.
we will certainly be successful because we shall give really good things in a lower cast while foreigners are selling relatively bad things only in an attractive pack & with the help of advertisement.
as a reply to them we have all to say to men only "Jaago Grahak Jaago".
  For packing & selling our products we can learn something from a mom. A mom knows well what her child really need & give it to child in a packing which he likes.
e.g. child likes tea but mom knows he needs milk in reality. then what she does? she mixes 5% of tea in a glass of milk. now milk seems & tastes like tea & child accepts it happily.
but infact it is 95% of milk, which is healthful for child.
so we have to sell the things which are really beneficial or healthful to world in an attractive packing which the world likes.
It is our property which our ancestors have maintain in lacs of years & we should not leave it. Because these are the properties only on the basis of which we are unique in the world & for world respects indians irrespective of we are rich in the past,gulaam in the Mughal and British reign or poor in the present.

I hope one day will come again when we will prove the world that we are the best on the basis of our these properties.

18th Day :: Our system

Anyone can't say our police & politicians as corrupt & lazy, especially after giving an eye at Dowd's brother attack matter where accused were caught in only few hours.even khufia agencies helped in finding the accused.
while even after a minister's killing, our police & whole system remain unable to find the accused in many years.
 So the difference is only that what is the priority of our police,politicians & system, nothing else.

Friday, November 23, 2012

17th Day :: The Golden Compass

I have described before in my previous blog about 'the Confusion'. today i'm going to tell you some other thing related to this condition.
Infact i feel that confusion is the condition when we give exam of our capacity, power of thinking, ability of choosing right things & moral values like honesty, courage, responcibility and care for other's problems etc. Also it is the point where a minute difference in choosing the right things causes to success or failure in future.

I feel many people in the world are wrong, only because they don't know the right ways or benefits of right ways & have chosen the wrong ways to solve their problems like earning money or taking revenge etc.
then the big question is what should we do when we are confused and don't know what is right or wrong?
I think we should choose the right way by using all our knowledge and senses we have & what we feel is right by our heart at that time, not on the basis of what others say is right in that situation.I feel right way is that which is beneficial for more people for more time.we should choose the way which is beneficial to us as well as beneficial for others, atleast beneficial to ourself & harmless for others. A 2nd thing we can do is that if anyone has done wrong against u then 1st interchange yourself with that person, then think what would have you done at that place. you will certainly get the answer that what is actually right or wrong.

I'm not saying that in this way we will be always right. But in the condition we feel after some time that we went wrong, still it's alright.
Because it's the only & most practical way to find what is really right for us and our society both.after all we are human, not god & making fault is human nature.
wrong people are the men who do not learn from previous faults & do not try to correct them.
Now one question arises in the mind that what is the most right way?
I think the way which is really beneficial to more people for more time is the most right way!
I like to call this approach as 'The Golden Compass', because it shows us path when we get confused same as compass shows the direction in dessert area.

By-the-way i personally think that neither anything is right always nor wrong always. It's all depends on our mentality, condition, target & capacity.
    (1) water is most useful thing to live. but if we fell-down into a pond having deep water & we don't know swimming, then it can cause to death.
    (2) suppose a soldier has been caught by enemies & he  have some important information which may be dangerous for his country if he let enemy know it.
         then what will be the best thing in world for him in that situation:-  "the Cynide".

16th Day :: Bharatnet

I have heared earlier that government is planning to control internet. In general & personally i don't think it right with seeing gov. records  related to other ferms under gov.
But i strongly feel a need of free organization for  internet same as 'TRAI'  for mobiles which can rule & regulate what is harmful and objectionable on internet & also have power to ban objectionable content.
 Many people are fearing that in this way gov. may misuse  it by using it to advertise it's party etc. but i don't think that it is going to happen.
but still keeping in mind people's worries i suggest to give an option  to people to choose from present & new internet lines.

My some suggestion are as bellow :-

 1 :-    sites which can be used by terrorists or have history of such action + sites having adult content with abusive language, unnatural sex, forceful sex, sex with girls less than 18 years, sexual stories & e-books based on relations(which is called as 'incest' sex stories) and adult chat sites also should be totally banned in india by using an internet filter in main line.

2 :-  After that we should give people 2 option to choose-
   (a) 1st will provide all contents as in present (except banned contents)
   (b) 2nd line will provide a virus+spyware+malware+worm+trojan etc free content by using a solid firewall or antivirus program in the line. so that it can provide a totally unharmful & fresh sites.

sites in 2nd line may also can be categarised in 2 parts:-
    * 1st will provide all unharmful, non objectionable sites with adult content which could allow to only people with the age of 18+.
    * 2nd will provide all unharmful, non-objectionable sites without adult content or language.  

3 :- after that gov. should make different certificates for all 3 categories :-
  (a) internet pack having all sites with harmful sites having viruses might named as 'A-'.
  (b) pack having all sites filtered from viruses etc with clean, non-objectionable adult content might named as 'A+'.
  (c) pack with all filtered sites without adult material might named as 'G',which means 'general'.

4 :- After that gov. should provide these packs to people by registration with full real identification and with a precaution that A- & A+ pack be given to people with the age of 18+.

5 :- Gov. should also make an official website by which anyone can know which person is using which pack.
it will help guardians in knowing their child might not go in wrong way.

6 :-  In this process some expenses will occur. i have a solution for it.
Gov. may charge for it with :
  (a) 50% on the internet connections with 'A-' certificates.
  (b) 30% on the connections with 'A+' certificates.
  (c) 20% on the connections with 'G' certificates.

7 :- In this way gov. may get many benefits -
  (a) guardian will not worry about that his child might not using wrong sites.
  (b) many people will get rid-off problems occurred by viruses,trojans etc, expenses on antiviruses & also slowing down of computer due to huge antivirus program. so people will happily pay for charges made by gov. for this facility.
  (c) gov. may also earn benefits by advertising such as recommending some useful sites.
  (d) by giving 50% burden of expenses on 'A-' internet pack gov. will get double benefit-
    * 1st is that people using objectionable content will get diverted from those sites & it will work as a penalty for them.
    * 2nd is that more people will connect to internet without any fear of wrong sites. Especially more student will connect to internet & get useful educational material from there because of lesser payment of 'A+' and 'G' packs.

8 :- last thing i want to recommend is to name the internet packs with 'A+' & 'G' certificates as 'BHARAT NET'.

9 :- One more thing i want to add if gov. is planning to give tablets & laptops to students, then i strongly recommend to make a non-removable default setting which can allow only unharmful,non-objectionable sites or can allow only sites from internet pack with 'G' certificate.

Tuesday, November 20, 2012

15th day :: IIT entrance exam & teacher

आजकल IITies के Entrance Exams के  एकीकरण की बात चल रही है . यह एक स्वागत योग्य कदम है , लेकिन कुछ चिन्ताएं भी हैं . अगर common test का स्वरुप ऐसा बनता है जिससे सभी IITies को उनके syllabus के अनुसार क्षमतावान students को चुनने में समस्या न हो , तो common test में  मुझे कोई बुराई नहीं दिखाई देती . हाँ इस तरह IITies की  present ranking में बदलाव का डर उन्हें ज़रूर लगेगा और साथ ही individual test से होने वाली income पर भी असर होगा .
 मगर इस proposal का एक negative side भी है और वह है इस exam में 12th exam के  percentage को waightage देना . क्योंकि अलग-अलग Boards के अलग-अलग syllabus है और उनका marking system भी different है। इसलिए percentage देखकर किसी स्टुडेंट की सही क्षमता का आकलन करना गलत होगा।
कुछ लोग इसके लिए यह तर्क देने में लगे हैं की इससे Board exams का महत्व बढेगा और student इण्टर की पढ़ाई पर ज्यादा ध्यान देगा। लेकिन मुझे ऐसे में नक़ल माफियाओं का ही  महत्व बढ़ता दिखाई देता है और  पैसे लेकर नंबर बढ़ाने से शुरू यह खेल बाद में पैसे न देने वाले प्रतिभाशाली student का नंबर घटाने तक पहुँच सकता है।
ऐसे लोगों को पहले इण्टर में पढ़ने वाले students की वास्तविक समस्याओं पर नज़र डालनी चाहिए और उसे सुधारने का प्रभावी प्रयास करना चाहिए। आखिर स्टुडेंट क्यों collage fees जमा करने के बावजूद tuter से या coaching में पढने जाते हैं और पैसे के साथ-साथ समय भी बर्बाद करते हैं ? उन्हें इसका कोई शौक नहीं होता ,बल्कि कई गरीब  बच्चे भी ऐसा करने को मजबूर हो जाते हैं तो केवल इसलिए क्योंकि  school में
teacher पढ़ाते ही नहीं , बल्कि खानापूर्ति करते हैं और attendance कम होने पर वसूली अलग से करते हैं . आखिर जब class में पढ़ाई ही नहीं होगी तो बच्चे क्यों स्कूल आना चाहेंगे।
  हमारे देश में teacher को भगवान् से भी बड़ा  माना गया है , जितना कि  उससे कई गुना ज्यादा पढेलिखे और हज़ारों जाने बचाने वाले  डाक्टर को भी नहीं माना गया है .
उसे भी भगवान् के सिर्फ बराबर होने का दर्ज़ा दिया जाता है . ऐसा मानने के पीछे यह सोच थी की एक डाक्टर तो कई जाने बचाता है लेकिन एक teacher तो कई जिन्दगियाँ  बनाता है , दुसरे शब्दों में कई doctor, engineer, leader etc बनाता है .
इसलिए  एक अच्छे teacher का काम सिर्फ पढ़ाना ही नहीं ,बल्कि subject को समझाना भी है और साथ में student को guide करना  भी  . जैसे कि क्या पढ़ें -क्या नहीं ,  exam pressure को कैसे handle करें etc. 
यहाँ तक कि वो student के चरित्र -निर्माण में भी सहायक होता है। मगर आजकल तो teacher अपनी basic जिम्मेदारी भी नहीं निभाता।
वैसे तो इस समस्या के लिए मुख्यतः  व्यवस्थापक और निगरानी तंत्र दोषी होते हैं ,  फिर भी कुछ वज़हों को लिख देता हूँ :-

1-    teacher को subject की पर्याप्त जानकारी ही नहीं होती और वो किसी सोर्स -सिफ़ारिश  या किसी और shartcut के द्वारा चुना गया होता है।
2-    teacher को subject की जानकारी तो होती है  लेकिन वो स्टूडेंट्स में sabject के प्रति interest नहीं पैदा कर पाता।
3-    teacher हर तरह से सक्षम है लेकिन वो पढ़ाना नहीं चाहता।

इसकी भी कुछ विशेष वजहें हैं -
          (a )    teacher आलसी है।
          (b )    teacher बच्चों को मज़बूर करना चाहता है कि बच्चे उसके या उसके परिचित की coaching class attend करें, जिसके लिए टीचर को कुछ कमीशन मिलता हो।

इन वजहों के साथ-साथ कहीं-कहीं basic facility ही न होने के कारण बच्चे पढ़ने नहीं जाते ,  तो कहीं इस वजह से नहीं पढ़ाया जाता कि बच्चे exam पास करने के लिए नक़ल माफ़ियाओं के चंगुल में फँस जाएँ।